In 1911 the vaishnava devotees were confronted by a great deal of hostile criticism from the orthodox brahmanas of Bengal, known as the Smarta Samaj. These brahmanas, although bereft of real scriptural knowledge, were very proud of their own birth and social position.
In accordance with Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur’s desire, Srila Prabhupada arranged a meeting with the brahmana pandits at the town of Balighai, in Medinipur district. There Srila Prabhupada read his famous article, “Brahmana and Vaisnava”, where he quoted from many scriptures glorifying the brahmanas. Then he continued with quotations about the vaishnavas, which far exceeded the glorification of brahmanas in quality and quantity. In this way he established the superiority of pure devotees over all classes of people and thus silenced the opposition with scriptural evidence.